The medical term for narrowed arteries is atherosclerosis. This condition is the result of a buildup of cholesterol and fatty deposits that block the flow of blood. As a result, blood flow is restricted and the heart becomes starved of oxygen and vital nutrients. Although it is most commonly associated with the heart, clogged arteries can also occur in other areas of the body. This condition is also known as peripheral artery disease.
The symptoms of clogged arteries include shortness of breath, chest pain, or a sensation of tightness. In more severe cases, patients may experience heart muscle weakness or fatigue, as well as swelling in the legs or feet. In the most severe cases, fluid can build up in the arteries, causing congestive heart failure. For more information about the symptoms associated with clogged arteries, see your physician.
Although clogged arteries may not cause obvious symptoms, they are important to address immediately. They can lead to a heart attack or stroke. Angiogram tests at Commonwealth Vein Center can help diagnose clogged arteries and take necessary steps to alleviate any symptoms. Angiograms are a minimally invasive procedure performed to determine the exact cause of the artery blockage. Angiograms are critical in the diagnosis of clogged arteries because they determine the blood flow in the arteries.
Treatment for clogged arteries can include a combination of lifestyle changes, medication, or even surgical procedures. The treatment you receive will depend on the type of artery plaque build-up and the severity of the symptoms. If you notice a clot, go to the ER right away. Some people do not experience any symptoms during the early stages of plaque buildup, so if you notice any of these, visit a doctor right away.
When the heart’s coronary arteries become blocked, a heart attack is possible. If the blockage affects the brain, it is known as an ischemic stroke. Strong blood thinners are used to treat ischemic strokes. However, arterial blockages can occur anywhere in the body. As a result, the symptoms of clogged arteries vary depending on the part of the body affected. You can expect to notice any of these symptoms when your arteries are blocked.
Treatment for blocked arteries may include atherectomy, which removes small amounts of plaque from the artery wall. Stent placement involves placing tiny mesh coils into the artery to improve blood flow. Bypass surgery involves moving other arteries around the clogged arteries to get the oxygen-rich blood to its destination. Balloon angioplasty is another treatment for clogged arteries. This procedure helps open partially or fully blocked arteries by pushing plaque to the side walls.